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Animal Liberation Philosophy and Policy Journal

Animal Ethics

This journal should be of interest to readers of this blog

On Different Results of Direct Action

Animal Person

There is a profound difference between what Sea Shepherd does and what the Animal Liberation Front does, but there are also similarities, and those similarities increase in number if a direct action by the ALF (or anyone else) is an open rescue and therefore a direct defense of sentient nonhumans being attacked by humans. Here's another direct action and its result, as described in an interview by Larry Mantle on KPCC Radio (it's the one called " Animal Rights vs. Animal Testing ").

University of Iowa Animal Lab Goes Underground

Critter News

million for an underground vivarium that will house University of Iowa animal research laboratories. The links would mean researchers would never have to transport animals above ground, said Jordan Cohen, interim U of I vice president for research. 14, 2004, break-in at animal research laboratories in the U of I’s Spence Laboratories and Seashore Hall cost about $425,000 and temporarily stalled some research. Poor, poor long-suffering animal researchers.

Vivisection is Up There with Waterboarding

Critter News

The author is the press officer for the Animal Liberation Press Office. Tags: animal experimentation animal research vivisection medical research Barbaric, backwards and best belonging to the Middle Ages? I say "yes" and it's time to pursue the alternatives. This is an excellent, excellent opinion piece.

Beef Farm's Trucks Burned by Activists

Critter News

I don't support the destruction of property or any physical threats against people who harm animals whether through medical testing or through conventional agriculture. Animal rights activists are behind the burning of cattle trucks at Harris Farms in western Fresno County early Sunday, according to a statement released by a clearinghouse for activists. california activism san joaquin valley cows farm animal welfare agriculture

Activists Continue to Target UC Animal Researchers

Critter News

California recently passed a law protecting animal researchers from animal activists. These animals are denied movement and cut open for his insane, unscientific studies. Justice's hammer falls again and again until it ends when the price is a helpless animals life, --Feminists for Animal Liberation. In the short term at least, it's not working.

J. Baird Callicott on Environmental Ethics

Animal Ethics

There are intractable practical differences between environmental ethics and the animal liberation movement. Very different moral obligations follow in respect, most importantly, to domestic animals, the principal beneficiaries of the humane ethic. Environmental ethics sets a very low priority on domestic animals as they very frequently contribute to the erosion of the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic communities into which they have been insinuated.

Peter Singer on Animal Rights

Animal Ethics

It would only be surprising to one who assumes that my case for animal liberation is based upon rights and, in particular, upon the idea of extending rights to animals. I make very little use of the word 'rights' in Animal Liberation , and I could easily have dispensed with it altogether. Peter Singer, " The Fable of the Fox and the Unliberated Animals ," Ethics 88 [January 1978]: 119-25, at 122

J. J. C. Smart on Ethical Progress

Animal Ethics

If there has been progress in ethics recently it has been through the realization of some ethicists that animal happiness and suffering has to be considered equally with that of human beings. However, utilitarianism has been mindful of animals.

Michael Fox on Concern for Animals

Animal Ethics

From this perspective, the animal-rights debate seems considerably less urgent and a relatively "safe" area of controversy. One wonders why here (as elsewhere) there is so much concern for the plight of animals and evidently so little for that of humans. Michael Fox , "'Animal Liberation': A Critique," Ethics 88 [January 1978]: 106-18, at 109 n.

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100,000 Salmon Released in Sweden

Critter News

From Biteback: On the night of 21 November more than 100,000 salmon were liberated from two fish farms in northen Sweden. We are also aware that the liberation of the fish may have a negative effect on the ocean ecosystem. At Näske Lax AB more that 100,000 salmon were liberated by cutting all the net-cages that were holding the fish. Both by saving individual animals and also by economic sabotage we make it harder and less profitable to continue to torture and kill animals.

J. J. C. Smart on the Moral Status of Animals

Animal Ethics

It is a merit of utilitarianism, with its stress on happiness and unhappiness, that lower animals must be considered along with human beings, so that they are not debarred from full or direct consideration because they are not "rational." Many prominent animal-rights advocates (such as Tom Regan ) are deontologists rather than consequentialists. In the past I have been concerned to advocate a normative utilitarian theory from the point of view of a non-cognitivist meta-ethics.

J. Baird Callicott on Domesticity

Animal Ethics

One of the more distressing aspects of the animal liberation movement is the failure of almost all its exponents to draw a sharp distinction between the very different plights (and rights) of wild and domestic animals. Domestic animals are creations of man. This is equally true of caged wild animals. It is literally meaningless to suggest that they be liberated. This, he says, is absurd, since these are not wild animals.

J. Baird Callicott on the Catastrophe of Vegetarianism

Animal Ethics

It represents an increase in the efficiency of the conversion of solar energy from plant to human biomass, and thus, by bypassing animal intermediates, increases available food resources for human beings. Baird Callicott , "Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair," Environmental Ethics 2 [winter 1980]: 311-38, at 335 [italics in original

"Animal Rights Terrorism"

Animal Ethics

For the record, I am opposed to violence in behalf of animals. I can't think of anything that does more harm to the cause of animal liberation. In the long run, the best thing we can do for animals is engage in rational persuasion. That means patiently showing people—one at a time, if necessary—that their own values commit them to changing the way they treat animals. I leave you this fine evening with a column by Debra Saunders.

Peter Singer on the Wrongness of Killing Animals

Animal Ethics

In setting out to write this paper, my intention was to fill a gap in my book Animal Liberation. There I argued that the interests of animals ought to be considered equally with our own interests and that from this equality it follows that we ought to become vegetarian. I explicitly avoided taking a position on the wrongness of killing animals, for I wanted the book to reach non-philosophers, and the issue of killing cannot be dealt with briefly and simply.

Michael Fox on Vegetarianism

Animal Ethics

Modern livestock farming on a grand scale also wastes a colossal amount of feed grains on animals which, in times past, would simply have fed off the land. Michael Fox , "'Animal Liberation': A Critique," Ethics 88 [January 1978]: 106-18, at 116-7 The strongest part of [Peter] Singer's case against meat eating is his brief discussion of the world food crisis. It is a patent truth that by any conceivable health standards most North Americans are overfed.

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Robert Young on Killing Animals

Animal Ethics

Does my proposal as to what makes killing another human being generally a major moral wrong in any way help us with deciding what, if anything, is wrong with killing non-human animals and foetuses?

J. Baird Callicott on Misanthropy

Animal Ethics

Baird Callicott , "Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair," Environmental Ethics 2 [winter 1980]: 311-38, at 326 [ footnote omitted Some indication of the genuinely biocentric value orientation of ethical environmentalism is indicated in what otherwise might appear to be gratuitous misanthropy. The biospheric perspective does not exempt Homo sapiens from moral evaluation in relation to the well-being of the community of nature taken as a whole.

J. Baird Callicott on Factory Farms

Animal Ethics

From the perspective of the land ethic, the immoral aspect of the factory farm has to do far less with the suffering and killing of nonhuman animals than with the monstrous transformation of living things from an organic to a mechanical mode of being. Animals, beginning with the Neolithic Revolution, have been debased through selective breeding, but they have nevertheless remained animals. They have become, in Ruth Harrison 's most apt description, "animal machines."

J. Baird Callicott on Wild Life

Animal Ethics

Wild animals and native plants have a particular place in nature, according to the land ethic, which domestic animals (because they are products of human art and represent an extended presence of human beings in the natural world) do not have. Baird Callicott , "Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair," Environmental Ethics 2 [winter 1980]: 311-38, at 332 [italics in original]) Note from KBJ: To understand what Callicott is saying, draw a two-by-two box diagram.

Moral Vegetarianism, Part 1 of 13

Animal Ethics

A third of a century ago, when the modern animal-liberation movement was in its infancy, Martin published an essay entitled “A Critique of Moral Vegetarianism,” Reason Papers (fall 1976): 13-43. This was two years after Robert Nozick discussed the moral status of nonhuman animals in Anarchy, State, and Utopia (New York: Basic Books, 1974) and one year after Peter Singer published Animal Liberation (New York: Avon Books, 1975).

J. Baird Callicott on Value

Animal Ethics

Baird Callicott , "Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair," Environmental Ethics 2 [winter 1980]: 311-38, at 325-6 [italics in original; footnote omitted]) Note from KBJ: I quote this long passage because it shows, in the context of environmental ethics, how one can distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic value while being a value subjectivist.

Moral Vegetarianism, Part 8 of 13

Animal Ethics

In fact, animals used for food do suffer a great deal. Now there is no doubt that the actual treatment of animals used for food is immoral, that animals are made to suffer needlessly. One argument is this: The present practice of treating animals used for food is immoral and should be changed. KBJ: Singer’s claim is that one should not contribute, even incrementally, to animal suffering.

Moral Vegetarianism, Part 3 of 13

Animal Ethics

Most moral vegetarians list fish and fowl as animals one should not eat. First, it may be argued that only animals who can feel pain are not to be eaten. KBJ: Nobody in the animal-rights or animal-liberation movement views intelligence as a morally significant property, at least intrinsically. Whatever one thinks about voluntary cannibalism among humans, it may be argued that the situation is very different with animals.

Animal Advocates' Successes Have Factory Farmers Running Scared

Animal Ethics

A column entitled "Ag Industry Threatened by Animal Rights" appeared in today's High Plains/Midwest Ag Journal [ HPMAJ ]. The column, which you can read here , is a call to arms to factory farmers to fight back against those individuals and organizations working to protect farm animals from the abuses inherent in factory farms. Recent victories by animal protection advocates have an increasing number of pro-factory-farming lobbyists worried about the future of animal agriculture.